On June 25th, 1950 North Korea attacked South Korea, crossing the 38th parallel. The Korean War began. UN Security Council resolution 82 condemned the attack and called for the withdrawal of the communist state’s troops from South Korea. But North Korea’s Kim Il-sung was not going to listen. At first, American troops were sent to the peninsula, joined then by troops from other allied countries. The border between North Korea and South Korea, delineated as a result of military operations, was a symbolic division of the world into the communist camp and the free world of the West during the Cold War.

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